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Google strips private medical data from searches

You may be surprised to learn that Google’s search engine was accidentally indexing such a sensitive category of data in the first place.

Posted: 26 Jun 2017 | 1:49 am

UK parliamentary email compromised after 'sustained and determined cyber attack'

Brute force attack on weak passwords, cracked <90 email accounts

The Parliament of the United Kingdom has admitted it experienced a “sustained and determined cyber attack” over the weekend and says <90 email accounts have been compromised as a result.…

Posted: 25 Jun 2017 | 11:08 pm

ConverterNET v0.1 Released

I spent the past several months porting Converter to the .NET Framework and am finally able to release a public version of it.

Many of the original functions are present and I’ve added a few more things to the menu. Several conveniences have also been included that may not be very obvious:

+ Forms are non-modal so you can have multiple forms open at once
+ Many forms can be maximized
+ Many forms have split containers that you can resize
+ Context menu have been added to key textboxes
+ Textboxes are using a monospaced font

The Convert Binary function has been changed. You can choose to load a binary or text file and convert the file appropriately. If you want to XOR or shift the files then choose “Transform Only” then enter your comma-delimited text or hex key.

The Key Search/Convert function has also changed a bit. Specifically you can choose:

+ Single key (e.g. abc ^ x)
+ Multi-key (e.g. a ^ x, b ^ y, c ^ z)
+ Multi-key sub-loop (e.g. a ^ xyz, b ^ xyz, c ^ xyz)
+ Multi-key step # (e.g. a ^ (xyz % step), etc ).

You can get ConverterNET (32-bit and 64-bit binaries are included) from here. If you encounter any bugs, please let me know.

Posted: 24 Jun 2017 | 4:59 pm

Following the Trail of BlackTech’s Cyber Espionage Campaigns

by Lenart Bermejo, Razor Huang, and CH Lei (Threat Solution Team)

BlackTech is a cyber espionage group operating against targets in East Asia, particularly Taiwan, and occasionally, Japan and Hong Kong. Based on the mutexes and domain names of some of their C&C servers, BlackTech’s campaigns are likely designed to steal their target’s technology.

Following their activities and evolving tactics and techniques helped us uncover the proverbial red string of fate that connected three seemingly disparate campaigns: PLEAD, Shrouded Crossbow, and of late, Waterbear.

Over the course of their campaigns, we analyzed their modus operandi and dissected their tools of the trade—and uncovered common denominators indicating that PLEAD, Shrouded Crossbow, and Waterbear may actually be operated by the same group.

PLEAD
PLEAD is an information theft campaign with a penchant for confidential documents. Active since 2012, it has so far targeted Taiwanese government agencies and private organizations.  PLEAD’s toolset includes the self-named PLEAD backdoor and the DRIGO exfiltration tool. PLEAD uses spear-phishing emails to deliver and install their backdoor, either as an attachment or through links to cloud storage services. Some of the cloud storage accounts used to deliver PLEAD are also used as drop off points for exfiltrated documents stolen by DRIGO.

PLEAD’s installers are disguised as documents using the right-to-left-override (RTLO) technique to obfuscate the malware’s filename. They are mostly accompanied by decoy documents to further trick users. We’ve also seen PLEAD use exploits for these vulnerabilities:

PLEAD also dabbled with a short-lived, fileless version of their malware when it obtained an exploit for a Flash vulnerability (CVE-2015-5119) that was leaked during the Hacking Team breach.


Figure 1: How PLEAD utilizes compromised routers

PLEAD actors use a router scanner tool to scan for vulnerable routers, after which the attackers will enable the router’s VPN feature then register a machine as virtual server. This virtual server will be used either as a C&C server or an HTTP server that delivers PLEAD malware to their targets.

PLEAD also uses CVE-2017-7269, a buffer overflow vulnerability Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) 6.0 to compromise the victim’s server. This is another way for them to establish a new C&C or HTTP server.


Figure 2: One of the methods PLEAD operators use to distribute their malware

PLEAD’s backdoor can:

PLEAD also uses the document-targeting exfiltration tool DRIGO, which mainly searches the infected machine for documents. Each copy of DRIGO contains a refresh token tied to specific Gmail accounts used by the attackers, which are in turn linked to a Google Drive account. The stolen files are uploaded to these Google Drives, where the attackers can harvest them.

Shrouded Crossbow
This campaign, first observed in 2010, is believed to be operated by a well-funded group given how it appeared to have purchased the source code of the BIFROST backdoor, which the operators enhanced and created other tools from. Shrouded Crossbow targeted privatized agencies and government contractors as well as enterprises in the consumer electronics, computer, healthcare, and financial industries.

Shrouded Crossbow employs three BIFROST-derived backdoors: BIFROSE, KIVARS, and XBOW. Like PLEAD, Shrouded Crossbow uses spear-phishing emails with backdoor-laden attachments that utilize the RTLO technique and accompanied by decoy documents.

BIFROSE, known for evading detection by communicating with its C&C servers via Tor protocol, also has a version targeting UNIX-based operating systems, which are usually used in servers, workstations, and mobile devices. KIVARS has less functionality than BIFROSE, but its modular structure made it easier to maintain. KIVARS enabled attackers to download and execute files, list drives, uninstall malware service, take screenshots, activate/deactivate keylogger, show/hide active windows, and trigger mouse clicks and keyboard inputs. A 64-bit version of KIVARS also emerged to keep pace with the popularity of 64-bit systems. XBOW’s capabilities are derived from BIFROSE and KIVARS; Shrouded Crossbow gets its name from its unique mutex format.

Waterbear
Waterbear has actually been operating for a long time. The campaign’s name is based on its malware’s capability to equip additional functions remotely.

Waterbear similarly employs a modular approach to its malware. A loader component executable will connect to the C&C server to download the main backdoor and load it in memory. A later version of this malware appeared and used patched server applications as its loader component, while the main backdoor is either loaded from an encrypted file or downloaded from the C&C server.

The tactic it later adopted required prior knowledge of their targets’ environment. It’s possible attackers used Waterbear as a secondary payload to help maintain presence after gaining some levels of access into the targets’ systems.

All Roads Lead to BlackTech
Based on the use of the same C&C servers, the campaigns’ coordinated efforts, and similarities in tools, techniques, and objectives, we can conclude that they are operated by the same group. It is not uncommon, for instance, for a group—especially a well-funded one—to split into teams and run multiple campaigns. While most of the campaigns’ attacks are conducted separately, we’ve seen apparently joint operations conducted in phases that entail the work of different teams at each point in the infection chain.

Use of the Same C&C Servers. In several instances, we found the campaigns’ malware communicating with the same C&C servers. In targeted attacks, C&C servers are typically not shared with other groups. Here are some of the C&C servers we found that are shared by the campaigns:

C&C Server PLEAD Shrouded Crossbow Waterbear
itaiwans[.]com Yes No Yes
microsoftmse[.]com Yes Yes No
211[.]72[.]242[.]120 Yes Yes No

Table 1: C&C servers shared by PLEAD, Shrouded Crossbow, and Waterbear

Additionally, the IP 211[.]72 [.]242[.]120 is one of the hosts for the domain microsoftmse[.]com, which has been used by several KIVARS variants.

Joint Operations. We also found incidents where the backdoors were used on the same targets. While it’s possible for separate groups to attack at the same time, we can construe at they are at least working together:

PLEAD Shrouded Crossbow
Samples from the same group using the same filename Loader component named after its target, i.e. {target name}.exe Loader component named after its target, i.e. {target name}.exe or {target name}64.exe
Backdoors using the same C&C servers Connected to 211[.]72[.]242[.]120:53 Connected to 211[.]72[.]242[.]120:443
Timeline indicating arrival order Arrived two days after initial infection by SC Established presence two years prior, but re-infected at a recent time

Table 2: Incident where PLEAD and KIVARS attack the same target

PLEAD Shrouded Crossbow Waterbear
Samples found in same machine vmdks.exe  cfbcjtqx.dll tpauto.dll
Timeline of infection 3/16/2017 2/23/2017 3/8/2017

Table 3: Incidents where PLEAD, KIVARS, and Waterbear were used on the same target

Similarities between tools and techniques. PLEAD and KIVARS, for instance, share the use of RTLO techniques to disguise their installers as documents. Both also use decoy documents to make the RTLO attack more convincing. Another similarity is the use of a small loader component to load encrypted backdoors into memory.

Similar Objectives. The ulterior motive of these campaigns is to steal important documents from their victims; initial recipients of their attacks are not always their primary target. For instance, we saw several decoy documents stolen by the attackers that are then used against another target. This indicates that document theft is most likely the first phase of an attack chain against a victim with ties to the intended target. While PLEAD and KIVARS are most likely to be used in first phase attacks, Waterbear can be seen as a secondary backdoor installed after attackers have gained a certain level of privilege.

Based on the type of documents stolen by these campaigns, we can get a clearer view of who they’re targeting and compromising, the purpose of their campaigns, and when they take place. Below are some of the categories or labels of the stolen documents:

Enterprises Need to be Proactive
PLEAD, Shrouded Crossbow, and Waterbear are still actively mounting their campaigns against its targets, which is why organizations must proactively secure their perimeter.

IT/system administrators and information security professionals can consider making a checklist of what to look out for in the network for any signs of anomalies and suspicious behavior that can indicate intrusions. Adopting best practices and employing multilayered security mechanisms and strategies against targeted attacks are also recommended. Network traffic analysis, deployment of firewalls and intrusion detection and prevention systems, network segmentation, and data categorization are just some of them.

 

Trend Micro Solutions

Trend Micro™ Deep Discovery™ provides detection, in-depth analysis, and proactive response to today’s stealthy malware, and targeted attacks in real-time. It provides a comprehensive defense tailored to protect organizations against targeted attacks and advanced threats through specialized engines, custom sandboxing, and seamless correlation across the entire attack lifecycle, allowing it to detect threats like the above mentioned zero-day attacks even without any engine or pattern update.

Trend Micro™ Deep Security™ and Vulnerability Protection provide virtual patching that protects endpoints from threats that abuses unpatched vulnerabilities. OfficeScan’s Vulnerability Protection shield endpoints from identified and unknown vulnerability exploits even before patches are deployed.

Trend Micro™ Smart Protection for Endpoints with Maximum XGen™ security infuses high-fidelity machine learning into a blend of threat protection techniques to eliminate security gaps across user activity and any endpoint—the broadest possible protection against advanced attacks.

An overview and analysis of the various malware used by PLEAD, Shrouded Crossbow, and Waterbear, along with their Indicators of Compromise (hashes, C&Cs), can be found in this technical brief.

Post from: Trendlabs Security Intelligence Blog - by Trend Micro

Following the Trail of BlackTech’s Cyber Espionage Campaigns

Posted: 22 Jun 2017 | 5:05 am

Part II. APT29 Russian APT including Fancy Bear





This is the second part of Russian APT series.

"APT29 - The Dukes Cozy Bear: APT29 is threat group that has been attributed to the Russian government and has operated since at least 2008.1210 This group reportedly compromised the Democratic National Committee starting in the summer of 2015" (src.  Mitre ATT&CK)

Please see the first post here: Russian APT - APT28 collection of samples including OSX XAgent




I highly recommend reading and studying these resources first:
  1. Mitre ATT&CK
  2. 2017-03 Disinformation. A Primer In Russian Active Measures And Influence Campaigns. Hearings before the   Select Committee on Intelligence, March 2017
  3. 2014-08 Mikko Hipponen. Governments as Malware Authors. Presentation ppt.
  4. 2016. No Easy Breach: Challenges and Lessons from an Epic Investigation. Mandiant. Matthew Dunwoody, Nick Carr. Video
  5. Beyond ‘Cyber War’: Russia’s Use of Strategic Cyber Espionage and Information Operations in Ukraine. NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence/ Fireeye - Jen Weedon

List of References (and samples mentioned) listed from oldest to newest:

  1. 2012-02 FSecure. COZYDUKE
  2. 2013-02_Crysys_Miniduke Indicators
  3. 2013-04_Bitdefender_A Closer Look at MiniDuke
  4. 2014-04 FSecure_Targeted Attacks and Ukraine
  5. 2014-05_FSecure.Miniduke still duking it out
  6. 2014-07_Kaspersky_Miniduke is back_Nemesis Gemina and the Botgen Studio
  7. 2014-07_Kaspersky_The MiniDuke Mystery PDF 0-day
  8. 2014-11_FSecure_OnionDuke APT Attacks Via the Tor Network
  9. 2014_FSecure_Cosmicduke Cosmu with a twist of MiniDuke
  10. 2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear
  11. 2015-07_FSecure_Duke APT Groups Latest Tools Cloud Services and Linux Support
  12. 2015-07_Fireeye_Hammertoss_Stealthy_tactics_define_Russian_Cyber
  13. 2015-07_Kaspersky_Minidionis one more APT with a usage of cloud drives
  14. 2015-07_PaloAlto_Tracking_MiniDionis
  15. 2015-07_Palo_Alto_Unit 42 Technical Analysis Seaduke
  16. 2015-07_Symantec_Seaduke latest weapon in the Duke armory
  17. 2015-08_Prevenity Stealing data from public institutions
  18. 2015-09_FSecure_THE DUKES7 years of Russian cyberespionage
  19. 2016-06_Crowdstrike_Bears in the Midst Intrusion into the Democratic National Committee
  20. 2016-11_Volexity_PowerDukePostElection
  21. 2016-12_Chris_Grizzly SteppeLighting up Like A Christmas Tree
  22. 2017-03 Fireeye APT29 Domain Fronting With TOR
  23. Fancy Bear source code 

Download


Download sets (matching research listed above). Email me if you need the password
          Download all files/folders listed (MB)





Sample list

Parent FolderFile NameMD5 ChecksumSHA256 Checksum
APT29APT29_2012-02_FSecure_Cozyduke
APT29_2012-02_FSecure_CozydukeCozyDuke
CozyDuke00F67DEB6E435C68F8A39336C9EFFC45D395B1346761106f816313394a653db5172dc48737ceea0922d1177a9de74f4858678acf6afd22706489fcca35a509bca9688cb7
CozyDuke01D3973E1BB46E2B75034736991C567862A112635b4250a6bb4c6915ce962d489ee912d6637cabc343e3ed5b447dccb13aa7caf4d3a3eb3cd617d360167f270ec34596ea
CozyDuke04AEFBF1527536159D72D20DEA907CBD080793E31a42acbdb285a7fba17f95068822ea4e4464c945c88ac9a4a22e86f0922f18c164e87f26c3f3fa054eb488fdd7d4bfc8
CozyDuke210BC99275368DF7EA179055737CFFC3A12A6614d9703d014c5d4f55e2996f3573544476f16cfb7e54a11689fc1a37145b7ff28f17a1930c74324650e9a080ac87d69ac7
CozyDuke23E20C523B9970686D913360D438C88E6067C157f0a6436ffee12558a434a0fc24b3b33f5f827730c7bd155997121f023ca9775077a37a58111738fcb3213757170bd860
CozyDuke29A91E7823046F4EC3FD6B3FD1B442EAA92F356552474b705610245f67bbd1c86ab8bd7bf9987e6be134bf29458a336a76600a267e14b07a57032b6a8fc656f750e40ce5
CozyDuke31163D35C5A3CAA5E82E1D9B0D1B4DB8FBDD79FA9f612661000605c5d0787fe13746e4cc363bf9a64718ae7af673f199b04b90abd5196b176932091927f6386271912442
CozyDuke32B0C8C46F8BAABA0159967C5602F58DD73EBDE90e0182694c381f8b68afc5f3ff4c4653c1b19af1e354f13c90163780be6ad50f02d5bf8bac1c9cc1eab1377a159de1be
CozyDuke33BEB7A410F1CD699733000B5B30B5E4EB2062BA330ed7549d50bdb56497a5577132610a907a743b5d1d028f9bfb5f053311b0f8be8516cb97dbc48ac0511de9c41d3c32
CozyDuke3583647EF8158E29E3C18413ECE70C2851720926992d2386998566a2a95c2affbfe3f3fe73b7d89340126a441e483229deefb017c8c680d0c8f571c55744e6141576f68a
CozyDuke42CFE068B0F476198B93393840D400424FD77F0Cd596827d48a3ff836545b3a999f2c3e30dc7438be5b21a36651de0a08361b18d76f0920517a7d51f75dc234740f392ca
CozyDuke443BC2E77B10AE64AF6321C2C7BFD311C0772503b4ae6966e65e47afa41610b1fb554607b75cc5e0ad70347b3fad6c3e3b6b2bd224ec75e6ea9c906f01b53af58b52f038
CozyDuke44406A80F13045442CE6A28EE62A923AC8F8C56A01a2c13c42f1a0557421d341f41654237188e3a11c12e48098fb24aa288068ff5dabeff8ba88b138c20811ef751d5f07
CozyDuke482D1624F9450CA1C99926CEEC2606260E7CE544fd8e27f820bdbdf6cb80a46c67fd978af7f4d18dbc0b822b89ba14ffea24114f92b593be0f287f300bb269b310883039
CozyDuke49FB759D133EEAAB3FCC78CEC64418E44ED649AB08709ef0e3d467ce843af4deb77d74d5bc7bcb663477238508ce8ad366cc9a77811c7f5eabaec47175858fe972639f40
CozyDuke4A16674C799FAE6535C82F878F6A37F94EE9A49B5fa3c3dabb8edd601302d9cf02db899d0d5d39ad12361b6ea6b3856e55a63cad4611c7b49795b1f2a517621de298e4fa
CozyDuke5150174A4D5E5BB0BCCC568E82DBB864064875102ef51f1ca11ce73fa20b54a5886ad1dd89996b66d5a339939b2072d29675ec3ca6d793f42a5d335a8ea7dab8773321ef
CozyDuke5BCD74E0C3C661580201E7D8122D7525A1480B4C859f167704b5c138ed9a9d4d3fdc0723f99efa337e1b7cef4e68570a23da9183526c3db72c6410d41f63e38c8b515466
CozyDuke5FFE420A3CC848024884DB8E2CFED68C47368DAE5eabc9c54b73fffb5f3fddb37a653d7b9d047bd757faff57539c885d46fdf8e7db383d850b355d7a829a203c9184def4
CozyDuke6B5EF7B76B35203DD323AF49BFA27CFA7E1B6376c42bf27579eaadfa080134f3400a417bfbbcac3f053a480ca28cc2910c74846af7efb0b291cbe006cf15c612986e5d2c
CozyDuke71C59EAA445346251467942BAC489A9D4E807F7F69cab1853df0749d42b68bf41d78e655c3329be592d90fdc0383d05ae9c251b3387f366f2aeb57ac595a5538aea0bfd9
CozyDuke75AEAEE253B5C8AE701195E3B0F49308F3D1D93295b3ec0a4e539efaa1faa3d4e25d51de7fd72a36f7e0e6e0a8bc777fc9ed41e0a6d5526c98bc95a09e189531cf7e70d5
CozyDuke7765A0869530C1A17B8FD339BBE55CC4C1BDBA305ebce6cbedfec82f1428c3409e3df0ef89cd924e6bb24ea151ba653573c64f07b22802473ea94c63c2c94843172998d6
CozyDuke78E9960CC5819583FB98FB619B33BFF7768EE861181a88c911b10d0fcb4682ae552c0de3a5373b33ac970dedeb52528b123959145bf51c95b159a30a7823ad8018ac4b41
CozyDuke7C710CF31F20EF7E0AD1809672255D4EDFDFF05283acacbd57997f6326817f709f8578936e7f6146b428af5eaec4dec1616df980764110120ae54bb765ae662c87496d50
CozyDuke87668D14910C1E1BB8BBEA0C6363F76E664DCD09f58a4369b8176edbde4396dc977c900830c69d91247f8a72a69e4d7c4bce3eafba40975e5890c23dc4dbe7c9a11afa73
CozyDuke883292F00E5836F99A1943A6E0164D8C6C124478bc626c8f11ed753f33ad1c0fe848d8988853979fce0f767b495abd55b696203209e95f04aaefe16c52c1724d07972154
CozyDuke8B357FF017DF3ED882B278D0DBBDF129235D123D3d3363598f87c78826c859077606e51401468b1d3e089985a4ed255b6594d24863cfd94a647329c631e4f4e52759f8a9
CozyDuke8BA7932A40008881A4ED975F52271C0B679EAFF245d6515ebb7f57404b8703f1e77a461a99f53b96a264b56542cd0f7c631339f8a3f3bdd3817fc9fddcdf44edd91ea90e
CozyDuke8C3ED0BBDC77AEC299C77F666C21659840F5CE23e8510a7ae4919a3fcedad985fbbca35218c0b02776487babbf6219cdaf97cbf2b534e0cf87a527228dda2d4a468a257f
CozyDuke8F1AC45360196A7B5A1680FF839A131394E9D9B49e3c39aaa240da8c7002924170019f7884a941d828813301c2634c6a818b9d7455c6493a073a0646d9a4e263a5a0e082
CozyDuke9319BF72000F8E468C182947DD5C82FB8B9AE4191ff0ed11fc6a41db458a75ae71670f94509347f4a5b81a65e327363b9eb6773d57cb6df0c834bfdb19eda8defcfecadb
CozyDuke93D53BE2C3E7961BC01E0BFA5065A2390305268C90bd910ee161b71c7a37ac642f910059ff9edb92ee8125519aa1eea60cab9999bcd4caa87b891882caddc73a2a5ae9cf
CozyDuke93EE1C714FAD9CC1BF2CBA19F3DE9D1E83C665E2f02da961eb7b87b41aee5fd9537022f0ac4ffc7a2ba8840a20f6b07aa44328f1802b79ced6a56b3ac7e78fa1178ba65a
CozyDuke94520B93510DB0DC10387A65E0A46F45AB50122650992eefe5df1c85dde85dc008b5010d64533e377bc50faa161ebf98639385c119de07dd22ed2525b26bfba608e4da95
CozyDuke9B56155B82F14000F0EC027F29FF20E6AE5205C29ad55b83f2eec0c19873a770b0c86a2f7cdb9c2e8b6ca7f0a683a39c0bdadc7a512cff5d8264fdec012c541fd19c0522
CozyDuke9F8F1672594A6FBAC43793C857DD7718E75F328Ac79bf9a04913a5018ab8de65ffd1060f463e19dfd8dc9a2712deb50ccbe2bf59693cee322fb6f0d45d333e34fe4a3d45
CozyDukeA38EA2533E3DFA6339726AAFD4BC2BC7E3EEC5296f535a0f5c7f710ec4739e52f35a567395f8e91fb2059954866e52459cb88f5ff7b2aea590fce587e51f1140222ef27f
CozyDukeAC2B5928F46069111F4334F650A7DBF1B5F026D5fef254d6c46fdced294db44acef8d839da3ee90d5ae8b82775567bc35896f7752b5f9a1eb686feb2e32f376e8e936e7a
CozyDukeB26BC0A3E35C474F7099BD2B066F1680F3394B1466d2b5ed8646a0ef38eef822555b98286b31c287e93d7d4a5a92a5ad50ee903534af4ee34ed2879b002b139eaed7510d
CozyDukeB5E973DF0A159AB583FC8923C796C8CBF5B535DF864bb9137f6bf94e59fbaa9b21065d1e6b8d05118610f97f7fee199e29c193ef763f344b425a01b6cf471ec591ad4280
CozyDukeBDD2BAE83C3BAB9BA0C199492FE57E70C6425DD3416db420e781c709bb71acee0b79282f4bcb2a5d99297b30f8ff00e08cf7330d5e2f69fc602bb317bf8e9f703a137a99
CozyDukeBF265227F9A8E22EA1C0035AC4D2449CEED43E2B1dde02ff744fa4e261168e2008fd613a418a21d49fe5bca8a3e050f039a0e2aa03db6d2de0fb49e3ff9d987f31b22dda
CozyDukeBF9D3A45273608CAF90084C1157DE2074322A23043c012086c1ae0a67c38b0926d6cba3f3dea35172449f0b9a86dff9af3b4480cc4c37a30e8cb54963ff91c4c1ffe7b0d
CozyDukeC117608DAB3AB632DE8110F8981DD7E773C61D052aabd78ef11926d7b562fd0d91e68ad3f9ff78669e4b251ac1e31076eaf420bee6f2060dbc926cc33603f893658ca86c
CozyDukeC3D8A548FA0525E1E55AA592E14303FC6964D28Df16dff8ec8702518471f637eb5313ab22b160b7eef5ce5fdb83889f96fc40cbbbc7b85450ff2afdf781a8eb5d6a0f541
CozyDukeC3FDE950FE7D668805B40B1680D519F20C18B899f16629ad4bc9473ef4978d6a3dd551f1ea8357db1071cda3e9a63592e584410d071673433a89215c220e0e7310729229
CozyDukeC62E840FFE4BBA50F6584B33A877475F0EBCF55810b852b9f669aa6ec60bc838dbee6de3aaea9387a63a20aed6e41029ea14af41a76e09069fd3aa7f7fa210f540f42b9a
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APT29_2013-04_Bitdefender_A Closer Look at MiniDuke2013
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APT29APT29_2014-04_FSecure_Targeted Attacks and Ukraine
APT29_2014-04_FSecure_Targeted Attacks and Ukraine77A62F51649388E8DA9939D5C467F56102269EB1_Nato_pdf_06cca401a1049ae2fbb4f00aac720136081a9def7150ffd17d6c794b10609fd3463bebe0810bbf241162699a53779113
APT29_2014-04_FSecure_Targeted Attacks and Ukrainedownload
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APT29APT29_2014-05_FSecure.Miniduke still duking it out
APT29_2014-05_FSecure.Miniduke still duking it out58be4918df7fbf1e12de1a31d4f622e570a81b93_Proposal-Cover-Sheet-English.rtf_6b08ff05b50dd89d81e2aa47554aa5e64c663f1b23d44283bbd2693ffb03a3864ad4455deb079a4f5c94d92be53a88cd
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APT29APT29_2014-07_Kaspersky_Miniduke is back_Nemesis Gemina and the Botgen Studio
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APT29_2014-07_Kaspersky_Miniduke is back_Nemesis Gemina and the Botgen StudioECD2FEB0AFD5614D7575598C63D9B0146A67ECAAedf7a81dab0bf0520bfb8204a010b730bd4928921ddadb44f9f573da61dac034533bf14fe38acd5754f3ccec1d566300
APT29APT29_2014-07_Kaspersky_The MiniDuke Mystery PDF 0-day
APT29_2014-07_Kaspersky_The MiniDuke Mystery PDF 0-day2402C2DC6ACC5A8418201FEA5B2043F985E1DD69_EUAG_report.pdf_cf5a5239ada9b43592757c0d7bf661695fbe3c1075e1afb6c1a3ce757bb8d401e1b1f61db42902cb72fd7b85e4e5f1a5
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APT29_2014-07_Kaspersky_The MiniDuke Mystery PDF 0-dayThe 2013 Armenian Economic Association.pdf _c03bcb0cde62b3f45b4d772ab635e2b0da7f82d0c80c7d95d787185c04ecc116062bc655e513eaf1ccb4a1423bdbd289
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APT29APT29_2014-11_FSecure_OnionDuke APT Attacks Via the Tor Network
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APT29_2014-11_FSecure_OnionDuke APT Attacks Via the Tor NetworkB491C14D8CFB48636F6095B7B16555E9A575D57Fc8eb6040fd02d77660d19057a38ff769366affd094cc63e2c19c5d57a6866b487889dab5d1b07c084fff94262d8a390b
APT29_2014-11_FSecure_OnionDuke APT Attacks Via the Tor NetworkD433F281CF56015941A1C2CB87066CA62EA1DB37d1ce79089578da2d41f1ad901f7b10140102777ec0357655c4313419be3a15c4ca17c4f9cb4a440bfb16195239905ade
APT29APT29_2014_FSecure_Cosmicduke Cosmu with a twist of MiniDuke
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APT29APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear1A262A7BFECD981D7874633F41EA5DE8_5463.exe_1a262a7bfecd981d7874633f41ea5de8099524703c250d1d1a16288dbd2f425d6cd0491f608e207a82f239b39bb26b7e
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear1A42ACBDB285A7FBA17F95068822EA4E_ativvaxy_cik.dat_1a42acbdb285a7fba17f95068822ea4e4464c945c88ac9a4a22e86f0922f18c164e87f26c3f3fa054eb488fdd7d4bfc8
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear2AABD78EF11926D7B562FD0D91E68AD3_ Monkeys.exe_2aabd78ef11926d7b562fd0d91e68ad3f9ff78669e4b251ac1e31076eaf420bee6f2060dbc926cc33603f893658ca86c
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear3D3363598F87C78826C859077606E514_ player.exe_3d3363598f87c78826c859077606e51401468b1d3e089985a4ed255b6594d24863cfd94a647329c631e4f4e52759f8a9
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear57A1F0658712EE7B3A724B6D07E97259_ _3852.exe__57a1f0658712ee7b3a724b6d07e97259bc5625c674f08cca18e73eb661eed0182ef16e27983098cf1c61892ca621d60b
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear57A1F0658712EE7B3A724B6D07E97259_3852.exe_57a1f0658712ee7b3a724b6d07e97259bc5625c674f08cca18e73eb661eed0182ef16e27983098cf1c61892ca621d60b
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear6761106F816313394A653DB5172DC487_ amdhcp32.dll__6761106f816313394a653db5172dc48737ceea0922d1177a9de74f4858678acf6afd22706489fcca35a509bca9688cb7
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear7F6BCA4F08C63E597BED969F5B729C56_ aticalrt.dll_7f6bca4f08c63e597bed969f5b729c5665fa52f632e4e83ff83120c7df6b90291025a76d5daeb183e814ec0b3bd2bd4e
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear83f57f0116a3b3d69ef7b1dbe9943801.dll_83f57f0116a3b3d69ef7b1dbe9943801fdd7e8582ef8d7a23f269653435582cfe924ca9b2db34af63af5e57d1f3e09c2
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear8670710bc9477431a01a576b6b5c1b2.dll_8670710bc9477431a01a576b6b5c1b2a1233cca912fb61873c7388f299a4a1b78054e681941beb31f0a48f8c6d7a182b
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear90BD910EE161B71C7A37AC642F910059_5463.exe__90bd910ee161b71c7a37ac642f910059ff9edb92ee8125519aa1eea60cab9999bcd4caa87b891882caddc73a2a5ae9cf
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear93176DF76E351B3EA829E0E6C6832BDF_ hppscan854.pdf_93176df76e351b3ea829e0e6c6832bdf950c8f9dbec3a2a1603f9202408cf49ea5a9573c7296e5940a42581cbd6fc8c2
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear95B3EC0A4E539EFAA1FAA3D4E25D51DE_Office Monkeys (Short Flash Movie).exe_95b3ec0a4e539efaa1faa3d4e25d51de7fd72a36f7e0e6e0a8bc777fc9ed41e0a6d5526c98bc95a09e189531cf7e70d5
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear9AD55B83F2EEC0C19873A770B0C86A2F_reader_sl.exe_9ad55b83f2eec0c19873a770b0c86a2f7cdb9c2e8b6ca7f0a683a39c0bdadc7a512cff5d8264fdec012c541fd19c0522
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear9AD55B83F2EEC0C19873A770B0C86A2F_reader_sl.exe__9ad55b83f2eec0c19873a770b0c86a2f7cdb9c2e8b6ca7f0a683a39c0bdadc7a512cff5d8264fdec012c541fd19c0522
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBear9E3F3B5E9ECE79102D257E8CF982E09E_Cache.dl_9e3f3b5e9ece79102d257e8cf982e09e8d86c0985530271618a342579afd1a9ecb27dfb080866e3b888bd3e45e1eb8f5
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBearA5D6AD8AD82C266FDA96E076335A5080_reader_sl.exe_2a5d6ad8ad82c266fda96e076335a50807ed2d1aceab5f54df4acca63b5d269842d49521e13bab5e652237667c7eef261
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBearB5553645FE819A93AAFE2894DA13DAE7_ amd_opencl32.dll_b5553645fe819a93aafe2894da13dae71a7239c006a3adf893bdb5c2300b2964ed8bb454e1b622853e4460707dc63c16
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBearD543904651B180FD5E4DC1584E639B5E_3852.ZIP_d543904651b180fd5e4dc1584e639b5e6a177de940ba477574947ed2d06fd7c08c7baf04b83cb7f3a46e4a93f889bf64
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBearD596827D48A3FF836545B3A999F2C3E3_ aticaldd.dll__d596827d48a3ff836545b3a999f2c3e30dc7438be5b21a36651de0a08361b18d76f0920517a7d51f75dc234740f392ca
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBearD596827D48A3FF836545B3A999F2C3E3_aticaldd.dll_d596827d48a3ff836545b3a999f2c3e30dc7438be5b21a36651de0a08361b18d76f0920517a7d51f75dc234740f392ca
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBearEB22B99D44223866E24872D80A4DDEFD_ reader_sl.exe__eb22b99d44223866e24872d80a4ddefdf722677df4fb7eb4ac986a944d4f6630b91ac22b31f8d39ec9bf941376d5d4db
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBearF16DFF8EC8702518471F637EB5313AB2_ hppscan854.exe_f16dff8ec8702518471f637eb5313ab22b160b7eef5ce5fdb83889f96fc40cbbbc7b85450ff2afdf781a8eb5d6a0f541
APT29_2015-04_Kaspersky_CozyDuke-CozyBearF58A4369B8176EDBDE4396DC977C9008_reader_sl.exe_f58a4369b8176edbde4396dc977c900830c69d91247f8a72a69e4d7c4bce3eafba40975e5890c23dc4dbe7c9a11afa73
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APT29APT29_2015-07_FSecure_Duke APT Groups Latest Tools Cloud Services and Linux Support
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APT29APT29_2015-07_Kaspersky_Minidionis one more APT with a usage of cloud drives
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APT29APT29_2015-07_Palo_Alto_Unit 42 Technical Analysis Seaduke
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APT29APT29_2015-07_Symantec_Seaduke latest weapon in the Duke armory
APT29APT29_2015-08_Prevenity Stealing data from public institutions
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APT29APT29_2015-09_FSecure_THE DUKES7 years of Russian cyberespionage
APT29_2015-09_FSecure_THE DUKES7 years of Russian cyberespionageCloudDuke
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APT29_2015-09_FSecure_THE DUKES7 years of Russian cyberespionageCosmicDuke
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APT29_2015-09_FSecure_THE DUKES7 years of Russian cyberespionageCozyDuke
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APT29_2015-09_FSecure_THE DUKES7 years of Russian cyberespionageExploitFile
ExploitFile1E770F2A17664E7D7687C53860B1C0DC0DA7157Ef81f858335b253d4708fbdfa6ca92ee9b219c95fac620b25fdaed082a0bc93644443d236e9173829214d587d17a32a87
ExploitFile353540C6619F2BBA2351BABAD736599811D3392Eab7a66ed3c6de1b7449d6054a8b46d7f8cad0a40dd87e5d77e5c939bd7ea838c3549c44b525e2f4a1227d53c4af925be
ExploitFile412D488E88DEEF81225D15959F48479FC8D387B3335160cad23e28d4597c1546458042c4afbd1f13132c2f047861b2ea90c18d546a326dbfca4dfeffd8b4ebf852204275
ExploitFile5295B09592D5A651CA3F748F0E6401BD48FE7BDA6571a2d3892ca937697e96f8bb795e428c6c57f7e9c81fcf194d17a752f8da4295fab5dad8eb79bd289256b9cdb7415e
ExploitFile65681390D203871E9C21C68075DBF38944E782E86542cd548182d6adc08a63c942f9bc54880ae80fdc874002a6d9c807802794d4a35c384551d73bb36277b2f1e63d67e2
ExploitFile74BC93107B1BBAE2D98FCA6D819C2F0BBE8C9F8Afc0e380447be2bbdf9f06fc3358f8648b3236d1d0924cd9a17babd13209fe6706fd3a9228f22fe658eb4eb0c71360b73
ExploitFile8949C1D82DDA5C2EAD0A73B532C4B2E1FBB58A0E23d2592db15c251382706515cf4fd37e7e9c0bda27bbc80d947bc0c6ce29a19c824288d2b481f92a1637b7b8dfc8b81c
ExploitFileC671786ABD87D214A28D136B6BAFD4E33EE669512aa2a6e004159b9e3a590c63a0cc47b3ba35aa14ccc0e4fa8e47b621ea1d1efe1b012b623afd469e56015c0857fec646
ExploitFileF1F1ACE3906080CEF52CA4948185B665D1D7B13E84137c8e7509a0e9cf7ff71ba060cdb5e745fc57f816b2b507406ce1c0ec47f8f84d8f5efeaf327c657723c897522c83
APT29_2015-09_FSecure_THE DUKES7 years of Russian cyberespionageGeminiduke
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APT29_2015-09_FSecure_THE DUKES7 years of Russian cyberespionageHammerDuke
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APT29_2015-09_FSecure_THE DUKES7 years of Russian cyberespionageMiniDuke
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APT29_2015-09_FSecure_THE DUKES7 years of Russian cyberespionageOnionDuke
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APT29_2015-09_FSecure_THE DUKES7 years of Russian cyberespionageSeaDuke
SeaDuke3459D9C27C31C0E8B2EA5B21FDC200E784C7EDF4e315436c42e681962a8e174ef7fad480c0b939598bf5913885b1837637f166fda09d932f3484525c8cbcc0b1efba2520
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APT29APT29_2016-06_Crowdstrike_Bears in the Midst Intrusion into the Democratic National Committee
APT29_2016-06_Crowdstrike_Bears in the Midst Intrusion into the Democratic National Committee0B3852AE641DF8ADA629E245747062F889B26659.exe_d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427ee3b0c44298fc1c149afbf4c8996fb92427ae41e4649b934ca495991b7852b855
APT29_2016-06_Crowdstrike_Bears in the Midst Intrusion into the Democratic National Committee74C190CD0C42304720C686D50F8184AC3FADDBE9.exe_d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427ee3b0c44298fc1c149afbf4c8996fb92427ae41e4649b934ca495991b7852b855
APT29_2016-06_Crowdstrike_Bears in the Midst Intrusion into the Democratic National CommitteeCB872EDD1F532C10D0167C99530A65C4D4532A1E.exe_d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427ee3b0c44298fc1c149afbf4c8996fb92427ae41e4649b934ca495991b7852b855
APT29_2016-06_Crowdstrike_Bears in the Midst Intrusion into the Democratic National CommitteeE2B98C594961AAE731B0CCEE5F9607080EC57197_pagemgr.exe_d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427ee3b0c44298fc1c149afbf4c8996fb92427ae41e4649b934ca495991b7852b855
APT29_2016-06_Crowdstrike_Bears in the Midst Intrusion into the Democratic National CommitteeF09780BA9EB7F7426F93126BC198292F5106424B_VmUpgradeHelper.exe_d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427ee3b0c44298fc1c149afbf4c8996fb92427ae41e4649b934ca495991b7852b855
APT29APT29_2016-11_Volexity_PowerDukePostElection
APT29_2016-11_Volexity_PowerDukePostElectionSamples
Samples4BCBF078A78BA0E842F78963BA9DD71240AB6A6D_cldsys.dll_57c627d68e156676d08bfc0829b943316119c92f5b5cb2cd953925e17ceb4a02a9007029dd27a35d44b116ff9718f814
Samples5CC807F80F14BC4A1D6036865E50D576200DFD2E_RWP16-038_Norris.exe_3335f0461e5472803f4b19b706eaf4b54538af0a76fecc6e45e6d45c22618c52ba89bf596a0b68dd2d4d2358fb5c86ef
Samples68CE4C0324F03976247FF48803A7D988F9F9F43F_37486-the-shocking-truth-about-election-rigging-in-america.rtf.lnk_f713d5df826c6051e65f995e57d6817d2d2fa32f928f8abf31b9e79153422d65fe72cd5ad0d1f815a9d2ffa42fc8d224
SamplesA76C02C067EAE26D78F4B494274DFA6AEDC6FA7A_37486.ZIP_f79caf27a99c091e6c1775b306993341f37da55a4329df13b1283cbfd237ae832cebb4b9c4ed16e5a1e0b98d9b7fdf25
SamplesB5684384C8028F0324ED7119F6ABF379F2789970_election-headlines-FTE2016.docm_a8e700492e113f73558131d94bc9ae2fef4a4319b9c37c1f05a4cbfb136c0eaf4a05476028d40a2a6bb07afc567f0f88
SamplesD5DCF445830C54AF145C0DFEAEBF28F8EC780EB5_RWP_16-038_Norris.ZIP_8b3050a95e3ce00424b85f6e9cc3ccec6412ea144bb0b8f7d32becda26cd1549825fd7b282f1f96319e5f4000e3d4618
APT29APT29_2016-12_Chris_Grizzly SteppeLighting up Like A Christmas Tree
APT29_2016-12_Chris_Grizzly SteppeLighting up Like A Christmas Tree617BA99BE8A7D0771628344D209E9D8A_Star Polk.exe_617ba99be8a7d0771628344d209e9d8a9f918fb741e951a10e68ce6874b839aef5a26d60486db31e509f8dcaa13acec5
APT29_2016-12_Chris_Grizzly SteppeLighting up Like A Christmas Tree7FCE89D5E3D59D8E849D55D604B70A6F_default.php_7fce89d5e3d59d8e849d55d604b70a6f2d5afec034705d2dc398f01c100636d51eb446f459f1c2602512fd26e86368e4
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APT29_2016-12_Chris_Grizzly SteppeLighting up Like A Christmas Tree8f154d23ac2071d7f179959aaba37ad5.dll_SayWhatBackdoor8f154d23ac2071d7f179959aaba37ad555058d3427ce932d8efcbe54dccf97c9a8d1e85c767814e34f4b2b6a6b305641
APT29_2016-12_Chris_Grizzly SteppeLighting up Like A Christmas Treeae7e3e531494b201fbf6021066ddd188.dll_SayWhatBackdoorae7e3e531494b201fbf6021066ddd1889acba7e5f972cdd722541a23ff314ea81ac35d5c0c758eb708fb6e2cc4f598a0
APT29_2017-03_Fireeye_Domain_Fronting_with_Tor8ddef83c57a5a752b20e3f98209acba42ab6c907b4fe844c01294a8dcfbc11ba966124b5b5aeb8af34a49d112fdbea60
APT29_2017-03_Fireeye_Domain_Fronting_with_Tor57e2f0fdc2566f11af661dc02e989dd65132a3f4_GoogleService.exe_31b3069cef380b4bf85e75a8885bcee82f39dee2ee608e39917cc022d9aae399959e967a2dd70d83b81785a98bd9ed36
APT29_2017-03_Fireeye_Domain_Fronting_with_Tor6842243f5a41f66a81b85ee524c3cfc7ace10da8_googleService.exe_628d4f33bd604203d25dbc6a5bb35b90fe744a5b2d07de396a8b3fe97155fc64e350b76d88db36c619cd941279987dc5

Posted: 5 Apr 2017 | 7:57 pm

Stepping up security for an Internet-of-Things World

The optimistic outlook is that the internet of things will be an enabling technology that will help make the people and physical systems of the world — health care, food production, transportation, energy consumption — smarter and more efficient.

The pessimistic outlook? Hackers will have something else to hack. And consumers accustomed to adding security tools to their computers and phones should expect to adopt similar precautions with internet-connected home appliances.

“If we want to put networked technologies into more and more things, we also have to find a way to make them safer,” said Michael Walker, a program manager and computer security expert at the Pentagon’s advanced research arm. “It’s a challenge for civilization.”

To help address that challenge, Mr. Walker and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or Darpa, created a contest with millions of dollars in prize money, called the Cyber Grand Challenge. To win, contestants would have to create automated digital defense systems that could identify and fix software vulnerabilities on their own — essentially smart software robots as sentinels for digital security.

A reminder of the need for stepped-up security came a few weeks after the Darpa-sponsored competition, which was held in August. Researchers for Level 3 Communications, a telecommunications company, said they had detected several strains of malware that launched attacks on websites from compromised internet-of-things devices.

Read the full article at The New York Times.

The post Stepping up security for an Internet-of-Things World appeared first on CyberESI.

Posted: 18 Oct 2016 | 7:42 am

Freedome VPN For Mac OS X

Take a look at this:

F-Secure Freedome Mac OS X

F-Secure Freedome for OS X (freshly installed on a Labs Mac Team MacBook).

Mac_Team_Test_Machines

The beta is now open for everyone to try for 60 days at no cost.

Download or share.

On 24/04/15 At 12:37 PM

Posted: 24 Apr 2015 | 1:37 am